Medical practice leads to two main types of diabetes: the first and second. At first – the body does not produce insulin at all, and the second – insulin is, but blood cells do not perceive it.
The first type of diabetes – also referred to as “insulin dependent” because patients need insulin injections to maintain their lives. The main reason for the appearance of this type of diabetes is the hereditary predisposition, the catalyst – a patient with a viral infection (rubella, mumps, etc.).
With “insulin-independent” diabetes or type 2 diabetes, patients most often adjust their diet and lifestyle to insulin only when urgently needed. At the same time, it is believed that the most common cause of illness is obesity.
The first and second types of diabetes are characteristic of different age groups. Children and young people suffer from type 1 diabetes, and adults and elderly people have diabetes mellitus (especially those with a low active lifestyle).
Interestingly, but the factor that affects the development of type 2 diabetes is gender and race. Thus, women and representatives of the Negroid race are more likely to become ill.
The difference between the first and second type of diabetes is also symptomatic. For example, people with suspicion of type 1 diabetes usually lose weight, while diabetics of the second type, on the contrary, are gaining. Plus, apart from the standard symptoms (thirst, frequent urination, weakness, etc.), patients with type 2 diabetes may feel itchy, suffer from rash, dry mouth, numbness of limbs and germs.
Despite all the differences, the complications from both types of diabetes are almost the same! Untimely diagnosis and treatment may result in coma, loss of limbs or blindness.